Showing posts about "cement"
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The mining machinery industry is highly dependent on mining activity in China and the world. Our mining machinery industry has been stepped into era of information and technology. When demand for mined materials is high, mine operators order new machinery; when demand is low, orders fall off. Mining machinery manufacturers are cushioned somewhat from demand cycles because different kinds of mines use similar machinery.
With the recovery of the economic crisis and the rapid development of domestic infrastructure investment and the process of urbanization, domestic project has a comprehensive construction and increased investment in infrastructure, the infrastructure first start, stimulating domestic demand, railway construction, such as the railway infrastructure, transportation, equipment manufacturing, a substantial increase of China’s cement production and sales, gravel dosage increase rapidly. Construction projects such as roads, bridges, cement and other infrastructure and raw materials industry will be the first to benefit.
Due to 'overcapacity' problem, the cement industry is already facing a severe test, and a growing number of cement companies began to find a new way. As we all know, cement and construction industries are complementary, empirical data shows that the average per one ton of cement necessary to match the consumption of five tons or more of sand and gravel aggregate. Cement industry as a sand and gravel aggregates adjacent industries, the development of sand and gravel aggregate production has its unique advantages, such as industry association, capital operation capability, scale of production, advanced technology and management, abundant mine resources, coupled with on the State Council, the top ten measures to stimulate economic policies make aggregate investors overwhelmed, some cement companies have their supply toward an approved rail, road, sand and gravel aggregate. Aggregates industry, cement industry in transition, both for the optimal allocation of resources or the strategy of sustainable development has far-reaching significance. impact crusher:http://www.hx-china.com/3.html
Production of sand and gravel aggregate equipment, including: jaw crusher, impact crusher, cone crusher, impact crusher (sand making machine). As technology continues to mature, high-speed railway, highway construction and other major construction projects, the development of the requirements for sand and gravel aggregate along with the increase.
As the professional manufacturer of complete sets of mining machinery, such as vibrating screen, Henan Hongxing is always doing the best in products and service.
The cement production line manufacturing process has a staggering carbon footprint – said to be responsible for up to 7 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, the industry releases around 9 lbs of carbon dioxide for every 10 lbs of cement produced. With global production standing at around three billion tonnes each year, there remains a huge need to find a greener method of production.
US being the world’s largest economy and one of the most dynamic construction markets provided a substantial platform to its cement industry for expansion over the last two decades. However, last few years have been depressing for the industry, when sluggish cement demand from housing construction dented the supply-demand matrix of the cement industry, but despite the unfavorable circumstances, the country sustained to be the third largest cement consumer globally. Further, though the share of the US in the global cement consumption was 2.1% in 2010, but with the intensifying cement consumption and recovering production capacities, the country is all set to defend its position during the next 4-5 Years. The US economy is recuperating from recession and the real GDP grew by 2.6% in 2010 after declining to 2.5% in 2009.
According to our report, “US Cement Industry Analysis”, the cement jaw crusher industry in the US is currently in its recovery phase and striving hard to combat the after effects of the economic slowdown. New housing projects and commercial construction activities are now picking pace and showing hopes to cement demand retrievals. The report demonstrated the future market potentials of the cement industry and revealed the way by which recuperating infrastructure spending along with growing domestic demand from almost all the prominent industry verticals are enabling the cement consumption to grow at a CAGR of around 8% during 2011-2015.
At the regional front, West South Central (including mainly Louisiana, Oklahoma, Northern and Southern Texas) and South Atlantic (with states including Delaware, Washington DC, Florida, and Georgia) are leading the country in terms of cement production as well as consumption. Moreover, sufficient raw material availability along with various incentives provided by state governments makes both these regions highly investment prone areas. Numerous domestic as well as international cement companies are striving hard to establish their production base in these regions. Market Research ore beneficiation:http://www.hx-crusher.com/ore_beneficiation.html
The report, “US Cement Industry Analysis”, has been authored to evaluate the cement industry’s future potentials in the US. It thoroughly examines all prominent emerging trends and drivers, which are fueling the growth of the industry. Besides highlighting major segments, such as production, consumption, demand and installed capacity, the report facilitates information on regional cement demand-supply scenario. It also offers an insight to the technological up gradation required to improving energy efficiency and reducing CO2 emission. The report seeks to provide indispensable information to clients in understanding the market dynamics and obtaining insight of the industry at the micro level. It also provides current and projected market trends of cement demand in various industry verticals including RMC, Construction contractors, Concrete products, and other markets, which will facilitate clients in taking informative investment decision.
Most importantly, the report also presents industry forecast based on the correlation of past drivers, challenges, and opportunities for existing and proposed plant expansion. In this way, the report presents a complete and coherent analysis of the US cement industry, which will prove decisive for the clients.
As the professional manufacturer of complete sets of mining machinery, such as ball mills, Henan Hongxing is always doing the best in products and service.
Cement is the essential ingredient in concrete, which is the world's second most consumed substance after water. Portland cement is a local product made in Britain and even invented here. No school, house, road, hospital or bridge could be built without it.
Though “cement” and “concrete” are often used interchangeably, concrete is actually the final product made from cement. The primary component of cement is limestone. To produce cement, limestone and other clay-like materials are heated in a kiln at 1400°C and then ground to form a lumpy, solid substance called clinker; clinker is then combined with gypsum to form cement.
Cement plant manufacturing is highly energy – and – emissions intensive because of the extreme heat required to produce it. Producing a ton of cement requires 4.7 million BTU of energy, equivalent to about 400 pounds of coal, and generates nearly a ton of CO2. Given its high emissions and critical importance to society, cement is an obvious place to look to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The production of cement releases greenhouse gas emissions both directly and indirectly: the heating of limestone releases CO2 directly, while the burning of fossil fuels to heat the kiln indirectly results in CO2emissions.
The direct emissions of cement occur through a chemical process called calcination. Calcination occurs when limestone, which is made of calcium carbonate, is heated, breaking down into calcium oxide and CO2. This process accounts for ~50% of all emissions from cement production.
Indirect emissions are produced by burning fossil fuels to heat the kiln. Kilns are usually heated by coal, natural gas, or oil, and the combustion of these fuels produces additional CO2 emissions, just as they would in producing electricity. This represents around 40% of cement emissions. Finally, the electricity used to power additional plant machinery, and the final transportation of cement, represents another source of indirect emissions and account for 5-10% of the industry’s emissions. ball mill:http://www.crusher-machine.com/21.html
Alternatively, efficiency measures can reduce the demand for fuel by addressing the production process itself (such as switching from inefficient wet kilns to dry ones) or through technical and mechanical improvements (such as preventative maintenance to repair kiln leaks). While some estimate that energy efficiency improvements could achieve emission reductions of up to 40%, some industry analyses suggest that producers may have already exhausted this potential. Without additional financial incentives (such as subsidies or a tax on carbon), further breakthroughs could be difficult.
Reducing emissions from the calcination process means looking to a material other than limestone. Blended cement replaces some of the limestone-based clinker with other materials, primarily coal fly ash and blast furnace slag. Blended cement could reduce CO2 emissions by as much as 20%, but widespread use of blended cement is limited by other environmental regulations (these substitutes can contain toxic heavy metals); the limited availability of substitute material; and some building code restrictions (blended cement can take longer to set).
Finally, CO2 emissions can be captured after they are produced through carbon capture and storage (CCS).In addition to traditional CCS methods, which are already employed in some power plants, concrete producers can actually use their own product as a sink for CO2. Through the process of accelerated carbonation, CO2 penetrates concrete and reacts with calcium hydroxide in the presence of water to form calcium carbonate; the result is stable, long-term CO2 storage. As a mitigation technology, accelerated carbonation can be achieved by exposing freshly mixed concrete to flue gases with high CO2concentrations.
As the professional manufacturer of complete sets of mining machinery, such as sand maker, Henan Hongxing is always doing the best in products and service.