Showing posts about "china"
Commodity housing, sold to private parties, has been predicted to dip in 2012. Property prices are already falling so less local government land is now being sold to property developers, meaning a slowdown in new buildings. This will reduce new housing construction, which has accounted for more than seven per cent of GDP in the last few years, according to Deloitte research.
However, the construction of 36m units of affordable houses on a budget of CNY1.3trn was among the central aims of the new five-year plan. Social housing is expected to increase cement demand by 3-7 per cent during 2011-13, if the government maintains its 10m unit construction rate target for 2011-12, says BOCI.
The social housing shortages are most acute in the north and southwest. The top five provinces in terms of demand are: Heilongjiang (N), Chongqing (SW), Shaanxi (NW), Inner Mongolia (N) and Hunan (Central). BOCI suggests that Anhui Conch – with its major capacity in Heilongjiang, Hunan and Chongqing provinces – will be one of the main beneficiaries. Sanshui Cement should pick up orders from Inner Mongolia, while social housing will help CNBM may bolster its sales in Hunan province.
Rapid urbanisation continues at a strong pace with high cement demand for housing, although in the long run the government’s high targeting is unsustainable. China has set an urbanisation rate of 51.5 per cent from 47.5 per cent, an increase of four percentage points on the 11th Five-Year plan.
The IMF forecasts that there will be 380m more inhabitants in China’s urban areas by 2030, taking the urbanisation rate to 70 per cent. This means China needs to build around 5m homes every year, but the government has targeted 10m affordable housing units for 2011-12. So construction is running well ahead of demand. Indeed, Société Générale reports: “With around 1.8bnm2 of new residential floor [already] completed in 2010, China has built the equivalent of Spain’s housing floor space stock.” As the professional manufacturer of complete sets of mining machinery, such as sand washing machine, Henan Hongxing is always doing the best in products and service. dryer machine:http://www.hx-china.com/15.html
As the movement of people from rural areas to the towns continues, the government is doubling its investment in water conservation projects to CNY4trn over the next decade.
Favoured regions for construction growth are the east and south as there is less of a fall in new infrastructure projects in these areas. The main developments are expected in the provinces of Gansu, Jilin, Anhui, Fujian, Shanxi and Shandong. In terms of new fixed asset investment (FAI) project startups, it is eastern China that has seen the most robust growth of 44 per cent. This is good news for Anhui Conch and CNBM. Sinoma is set for a harder time in the north as more than a 40 per cent decline in project FAI startups is forecast by the BOCI for the provinces of Ningxia, Beijing, Inner Mongolia, Sichuan, Guizhou, Liaoning and Henan.
West China Cement has begun to supply the Southern Shaanxi Resettlement project that requires approximately 1.2-1.4Mta of cement between 2011-20 and the Hanjiangto Weihe River Water Transport project which also started construction in 3Q11 and will be completed in 2020. These large-scale projects will also be of value to other producers in Shaanxi such as Jidong Cement, Conch, Shengwei Cement and Italcementi.
Less-favoured regions for FAI project starts include, Ningxia, Beijing, Inner Mongolia, Sichuan, Guizhou, Liaoning and Hennan. This is where Sinoma is most exposed, although Shanshui Cement and Conch also have capacity there.
It is reported that some priorities have already been made clear. According to China's cement sector development, the fast-track capacity expansion is now being surpassed by the need for enhanced cement quality and efficiency. The government has initiated a restructuring plan, replacing outdated capacity with modern production facilities and encouraging top cement producers to carry out mergers and acquisitions (M&A) to consolidate the industry. New capacity is now restricted to around 250Mta.
More recently, China’s environment ministry is set to take the lead for emerging countries in curbing industry emissions by implementing stricter rules on cement plant NOx emissions. In February, Reuters reported that the move could wipe out a third of the industry’s total net profits as it would be expensive to introduce. China’s strategy had been to cut overall NOx emissions by 10 per cent by 2015. Local press now expects the ministry to reduce NOx emission allowances from 800 to 400g/m3.
In addition, seven provinces are to set carbon emission caps as a prelude to establishing carbon trading markets in China. The government is currently required to reduce CO2 emitted per unit of GDP by 17 per cent by 2015. This is the first time that the Chinese government has called for any absolute caps on emissions, having preferred softer “carbon intensity” targets.
Economic slowdown starts
The speed of China’s economic growth in recent years has been remarkable. However, recent times have seen a slowdown. The rise in China’s industrial enterprise profits as a percentage of GDP peaked in 2007. In addition, only certain sectors have been able to maintain a growth environment since 2009: banking, transport, metals and mining have remained vibrant. Although GDP is expected to continue its strong growth path as private sector demand for high-quality goods consolidates, a deceleration to single-digit figures is now becoming more marked. In addition, the IMF forecasts GDP expansion at nine per cent for 2012 and 9.5 per cent annually during 2013-16, but the Chinese government has lowered its sights to seven per cent annually over the next five years. As the professional manufacturer of complete sets of mining machinery, such as jaw crushers, Henan Hongxing is always doing the best in products and service. dryer machine:http://www.hxjq-crusher.com/21.html
In term of Deloitte, monetary policy has seen China pump the equivalent of 50 per cent of GDP in the economy over 2008-10 through quantitative easing, which has kept the economy moving at a fast pace. This has now been bolstered by the 12th Five-Year Plan which came into effect in January 2011. It sets out a progressive way to achieve “inclusive growth” with more benefits filtering down to the greater proportion of Chinese citizens and gives more emphasis on agricultural sector growth. This means a shift in economic attention and development of the western provinces, and a greater focus on rural reform.
On all accounts, as the plan is all encompassing, it will also affect developments across the board – in energy, housing, transport, infrastructure as well as industries such as cement.
With more than 30 years’ experience of manufacturing crushing and screening equipments, Henan Hongxing Mining Machinery CO., LTD is designated as a professional manufacturer of crushing and screening and conveying machinery by the former State Ministry of Industry and Henan Province. In 1996, the “water chestnut” brand products were rated as one of the nine famous brands in the crushing industry of the national mining machinery. It is a large state-owned enterprise incorporating advanced technology, superior quality and good reputation.
The company has obtained ISO9001:2008 certificate. It mainly produce and manage various crushers, grinding mill lines, vibrating feeders, conveyors, screening systems, wash-dressing machines, and castings, etc. The company adopts advanced technology, and its leading products include jaw crusher, cone crusher, hard rock crusher, YK vibrating screen, and ZGMn13 high manganese steel casting, which once attained the Province and Ministry Superior Prizes. We adopt one-stop service combining research and development, production, and marketing. We provide customers with high quality and satisfying products, including mobile crushing plant, Euro JC jaw crusher, hydraulic cone crusher, GZG low inertial vibrating feeder series, VSI new type sand maker, hydraulic jaw crusher, PE/PEX jaw crusher series, PFY hard rock crusher series, hydraulic impact crusher, HCS90 cone crusher, SZC cone crusher series, YK eccentric block series circular vibrating screen, SLF sand maker series, CX impact crusher series, PC hammer crusher series, TD75 universal belt conveyor series, cone crusher, vertical shaft impact crusher, new type sand maker, vibrating screen, vibrating feeder, sand washing machine, and belt conveyor. As the professional manufacturer of complete sets of mining machinery, such as flotation cells, Henan Hongxing is always doing the best in products and service. dryer machine:http://www.hxjqchina.com/product-list_35.html
The sand making machines and crushers produced by Hongxing Mining Machinery are especially applied to the following fields like expressway, airport, railway, national large bridge and road construction, submarine and land tunnels, and high-rise buildings. Other application fields include the mining industry, metallurgy, sand industry, cement industry, grinding industry, ceramic industry, road construction industry, and construction industry, etc.
In recent years, Hongxing Mining Machinery has actively explored overseas market to promote the enterprise’s development while promoting the national economic development. So far, the business of Hongxing Mining Machinery has spread all over 60 countries with more than 500 successful cases in the world. Hongxing Mining Machinery pays close attention to the products’ each production process to provide new and old customers with best products. Under strict operation conditions, Hongxing Mining Machinery makes every effort to meet the needs of the customers. With high quality products and good company reputation, Hongxing Mining Machinery, a trustworthy manufacturer, is your ideal choice!
Jaw Crusher Working Design:
A Jaw Crusher is one of the main types of primary crushers in a mine or ore processing plant. The size of a jaw crusher is designated by the rectangular or square opening at the top of the jaws (feed opening). For instance, a 24 x 36 jaw crusher has a opening of 24' by 36', a 56 x 56 jaw crusher has a opening of 56' square. Primary jaw crushers are typically of the square opening design, and secondary jaw crushers are of the rectangular opening design. However, there are many exceptions to this general rule.
The crushing arena is a hazardous environment. Large material and debris can jam inside the crusher, damaging components and causing costly downtime.
Importantly, manually digging out the crusher before repairs or restarts puts workers in dangerous positions. The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) has reported numerous injuries and fatalities incurred when climbing in or under the jaw to manually clear, repair or adjust the typical older-style jaw crusher.
To prevent crusher damage, downtime and difficult maintenance procedures, the hydraulic overload relief system opens the crusher when internal forces become too high, protecting the unit against costly component failure. After relief, the system automatically returns the crusher to the previous setting for continued crushing. As the professional manufacturer of complete sets of mining machinery, such as stone crushing plant, Henan Hongxing is always doing the best in products and service. vibrating screen：http://www.hx-crusher.com/vibrating_screen.html
A Jaw Crusher reduces large size rocks or ore by placing the rock into compression. A fixed jaw, mounted in a 'V' alignment is the stationary breaking surface, while the movable jaw exerts force on the rock by forcing it against the stationary plate. The space at the bottom of the 'V' aligned jaw plates is the crusher product size gap, or the size of the crushed product from the jaw crusher. The rock remains in the jaws until it is small enough to pass through the gap at the bottom of the jaws.
Safety is a culture and should be championed by every worker in the operation. At the same time, management should respond immediately to each worker's safety concerns and successes, rather than monitoring only overall team efforts and targets. And, manufacturers should engineer greater safety as well as productivity into their units while accompanying their equipment with strong operational and safety training programs.
It has never been more important to consider the potential hazards of conventional, older-style crushers versus modern jaw crusher design. And even during today's challenging economic climate, safety should never be minimized due to a need to achieve lower prices or costs. Modern crusher design is a major development in safe material processing--one that allows operations to maximize productivity while putting safety first.