Showing posts about "crushers"
The development of concrete and rock crushers
The earliest versions of concrete and rock crushers involved the use of two rocks being slammed against each other. An anvil was formed by one rock, while the weight of the other was used through manual power to achieve the necessary crushing. A crusher that was called the Cornish stamp was developed in the 19th century for breaking up tin and was used in mining. A cone crusher of 48 inches developed in the 1960's had a capacity to crush 170 tons of rock. The present development in technology has led to the same size of crusher being able to crush 300 tons of rock. The design of the cone crusher remained the same, but higher speeds and stronger chambers used in the crushers helped to increase the output.
The breakthrough in crusher design came from the hydraulic relief system that is a comparatively recent invention. This has helped to increase the life span of the crusher and also reduce its down time when repairs are necessary on the equipment. This in turn increases profit as well as productivity. Hydraulics is an invention that allows hard material like concrete to be crushed without any damage to the machinery and made for a major breakthrough in equipment for crushers.
Crusher is the exclusive compound content of particles larger than 3 mm of the total emission rate 50% or more of the crushing machine. Operations often broken by feeding and nesting into coarse grain size of the broken, the broken and petty. Way under the crushing force of the crusher can be roughly divided into two categories: (1) crusher; (2) grinding machine. Breakers general handling larger pieces of material, coarse granularity, usually greater than 8 mm. Its structure is characterized by a certain gap between the broken pieces, not touch each other. Crusher can be divided into coarse crusher, the crusher and fine crusher. Generally speaking, grinding machines, material handling smaller, product size is fine, up to 0.074 mm, or even more detailed. The structure of a broken part (or media) are in contact, the medium used is steel balls, steel bars, such as gravel or mineral block. But some machines are also both crushing and grinding effects, such as from the mill. ∮ 5. 5 × 1. 8 ç±³ mill processing ore from the upper limit of up to 350-400 mm in size, product fineness can reach about 40% -200 purpose.
Crushers that used in iron ore crushing plant
There are several types of crushers used in iron ore crushing plant.
Jaw Crusher are mainly used as primary crush to mid and high hardness ores and rocks in the field of metallurgy,mining, concrete, fireproof materials and ceramics. The highest pressure resistance of crushed material is 300Mpa for various soft and hard ores, and the maximal size of the materials can not over the specifictions which has been stipulated.
Used in the first and secondary crushing, Impact Crusher can deal with the material with the side length 500mm, less than 350Mpa anti-pressure strength. and It is widely used in water and electricity, expressway, sand and stone, crushing fields.
HPC series cone crusher with high-efficiency and hydraulic pressure was widely used in iron ore mining, concrete factory, sandstone making, etc. The machinery's pressure resistance strength is under 350Mpa. And they are widely suitable for primary crushing of many kinds of mining and rock such as many kinds of ores, concrete, fireproof material, bauxite, quartzite, corundum, perlite, ironstone, basalt, etc.
Iron ore processing equipment
The crude iron ore is delivered to large gyrator crushers, where chunks as large as five feet are reduced to six inches or less and the iron ore processing comes into crushing stage. More than 6,000 tons of iron ore can be crushed in one hour.
The crushed material is transferred by belt to an ore storage building, which holds up to 220,000 tons of iron ore. An apron feeder sends the ore to the concentrator building for grinding, separating, and concentrating.
The establishment of a new gypsum mining area involves a considerable amount of investigation by geophysicists and geologists coupled with an extensive drilling programmer to establish quality and quantitative data and probable working conditions. These investigations have also to be carried out continually throughout the life of the mine as areas are worked out and new ones have to be established. Gypsum is mined at a number of locations in Cumberland, Westmoreland, Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire, Yorkshire and Sussex, from stratified seams lying at moderate depths (150'-5000 within various geological formations. Gypsum mine workings, which over a period of time are extended over several hundred acres, are by room and pillar methods, whereby a proportion—not less than 25 per cent of the seam—is unworked in order to prevent surface subsidence.
Introduction of new series of ore crushers
Ore crusher is a stone crusher used widely in ore crushing industry and ore mining industry. Ore crusher can reach the crushing ratio of 4-6 and the shape of final product is even. SBM ore crusher features reasonable structure, high productivity, easy operation and maintenance and safe performance.SBM is a professional mining and construction machinery manufacturer that can supply you or miners jaw ore crusher, impact ore crusher, cone ore crusher, hammer ore crusher, and mobile ore crusher and so on.
Ore grinder mill also named ore grinding mill or ore grinder machine is a type industrial grinding mill used for grinding ore or ore materials.
Working Principle Of Quarry Jaw Crusher
The strip and strip pulley are driven by a motor, and the movable jaw moves up and down via eccentric shaft. The angle between fixed jaw and movable jaw becomes smaller when the movable jaw runs down, then the materials are crushed into pieces. It will become bigger when the movable jaw runs up. The movable jaw board leaves the fixed jaw board under the action of pole and spring , then the end products come out from the crushing cavity.
Features Of The Quarry Jaw Crusher
1. Simple structure, easy maintenance;
2. High crushing ratio, even output granularity;
3. High reliability, low investment;
4. Low noise, less dust.Crawler Type Mobile Concrete Crusher
The portable crawler crushing & screening plant, made by CCM, is a new kind of high efficient crushing equipment, which is of advanced technology, fully featured and can be driven by itself. The deft design of crawler enables it to reach any possible spot of the work site even under horrible terrain condition. The flexibility helps to eliminate unnecessary processes and makes it more convenient in the coordination of accessory machineries and crushing plant. As excellent and integrated design as it is, this plant can be easily transmitted to work site on a trailer and starts working once gets to the spot. The portable crawler jaw Concrete Crusher plant, meeting the technical qualification, has the features of high productivity, crushing ratio and uniformed product size.
Our crusher is a high-performance models optimized and improved on the basis of Symons Cone Crusher. The Symons Cone Crusher is widely used for secondary and fine crushing in the fields of mining, building materials, metallurgies and so on. The Symons Cone Crusher can crush materials with middle and high hardness, such as, metal ore, basalt, granite, limestone, cobblestone, sandstone and so on.
vIntroduction of portable concrete jaw crushers
The Jaw Crusher is widely used in mining, building materials, chemical industry, metallurgy and so on. The Jaw Crusher is suitable for primary and secondary crushing all kinds of minerals and rocks with compressive strength less than 320 MPa.
Based on years' experience and technology development, Hongxing PE jaw crusher series are of 9 different models, which can meet most crushing requirements in primary and secondary crushing. Flexible discharge opening setting of jaw crusher allows perfect match with relative equipments. HX PE jaw crusher is easy to install, operate and maintain. As per Feedback, our experts will make continuous improvements on our products to meet customers' changing needs. It is widely used in fields of mining, metallurgy, construction, smelting, hydropower and chemical industries etc.
Jaw crusher series portable concrete crushers are mainly used to proceed the medium particles crushing of various ores and large size materials with the crushing pressure of less than 320Mpa. And Jaw crusher portable concrete crushers can be divided into two kinds : coarse and fine crushing. And this series of jaw crusher portable concrete crushers have full specifications of the products and the feeding size is 125mm～750mm ,which have become the primary crushing equipment. And Jaw Crusher portable concrete crusher is widely used in mining, metallurgy, construction, highway, railroad, conservancy and chemistry industries, etc. This series of Jaw Crusher portable concrete crushers feature large reduction ratio, even granularity, simple structure, reliable operation, convenient maintenance, and low cost, etc.the JC jaw crusher in European style undoubtedly becomes the most welcome products in the world. When you want to crush the hard materials in high efficiency, the best choice for you is the JC series of jaw crushers in European style, which adopts the most advanced international crushing technology as well as the world-class skills.
Crusher is used to reduce large rocks into smaller rocks, gravel, or rock dust. It may reduce the size, or change the form, of waste materials so they can be more easily disposed of or recycled, or reduce the size of a solid mix of raw materials, so that pieces of different composition can be differentiated. It has advantages of big reduction ratio, reliable operation, high productivity, lower operational costs and easy repair. With the rapid advancement of mineral resources integration utilization technique, the 2012 national total ore mining is more than 50 million tons, and crusher (stone crusher plant" href="http://www.crusher-export.com/hammer_crusher.htm">stone crusher plant), as one of the most important equipment in ore mining, has been widely used in resource exploitation and mine construction.
The introduction of Hongxing limestone crushers
Limestone jaw crusher is the widely used primary limestone crusher machine, it is mainly used in primary crushing process. Fixed jaw plate, and movable jaw plate are wearable parts. Different jaw crushers have different output, the usual capacity is 1-5 t/p, 30-50t/h, 50-80t/h, 80-120t/h, 120-200t/h, 200-300t/h, 300-400t/h, 400-500t/h.Limestone millbuilding materials used in industrial coatings and other industries. Limestone grinding to 100-200 mesh, can be directly used in the production Flying powder, putty powder with a powder of industrial building materials; in the mixing station, the construction of the highway and most major raw materials. Can significantly improve the coating adhesion, scrub resistance, stain resistance, reduce costs.
Limestone jaw crusher is the widely used primary crusher, it is mainly used in primary crushing process. Fixed jaw plate, and movable jaw plate are wearable parts. Different jaw crushers have different output, the capacity is 1-5 t/p, 30-50tph, 50-80tph, 80-120tph, 120-200tph, 200-300tph, 300-400tph, 400-500tph.
Impact crusher is also common crushing machine used in limestone quarry. It has the functions of crushing and shaping, can make very good cubic shape. The stone materials are mainly used for road, highway, water conservancy, airport, civil construction etc. The market prices of stones made by impact crusher is higher than that by fineness jaw crusher or compound cone crusher; the quick wear parts cost of impact crusher is also high for high hardness stones.Limestone crushing process need limestone crusher equipment. In this process, we usually use jaw crusher, cone crusher, mobile crusher such as limestone mobile jaw crusher, mobile impact crusher, mobile cone crusher, crawler type mobile crusher. These machines are used to crush limestones into smaller size. According to the different products, we choose the different crushing process. Usually limestone crushing plant includes primary crushing process and secondary crushing process. If the product is sand, the limestone particles must do stone shapping through sand making machine.
Limestone mobile crusher is the complete crushing unit, includes feeding, crushing, screening process. for example, limestone mobile jaw crusher includes vibrating feeder, primary jaw crusher, vibrating screen, and belt conveyor. There are other models, such as limestone mobile impact crusher, limestone mible cone crusher, crawler type mobile crusher.Hongxing is a professional mining crushing machinery and industrial milling machine R & D and manufacturing enterprises. The main application areas for the limestone, the world state machine production Raymond Mill, MTM Medium Speed T-grinding, grinding the European version of its product fineness ladder from 30mesh to 400mesh adjustable head, is the best choice for milling of limestone.
The Comparsion of Impact Crushers and Cone Crusher
PF series Impact Crushers are most advanced size reduction crushing equipments for stone, ore, limestone, rock, and refractories. The final products of impact crusher are with good cubic shapes is suitable for railway, road construction and other industries. Our impact crusher equipments are accurate, reliable time tested performance. We manufacture and supply portable, stationary impact crushing plants and crusher equipments.
PF series impact crusher is a latest equipment developed by absorbing advanced technologies at home and abroad and referring to domestic sand and stone making industry. It adopts the lasted manufacture technics, unique structures and design, the producd product is of cubic shape without tension and cracks and good grain shape. The max feeding size should not be more than 500mm, and compression resistance should not be more than 350Mpa. Various materials(granite, limestone,concrete) of rough, medium fine and super fine quality are available. It is widely used in ore crushing, railway, highway, energy, cement, chemistry, construction materials and others to carry out rough, medium fine and super fine crushing, such as limestone, ripe materials, slag coke,coal and so on. Its outlet size can be adjusted, which makes various specifications posible.
This series impact crusher has an ideal feeding size of 100-500mm, the max size should not be more than the specified value. To achieve ideal output grain size, customers can adjust the clearance between hammer and impact plat, and the whole parts.
Hydraulic Cone Crusher is designed to meet the client's request of the high outputs, excellence product fineness and economical running costs. HP series of cone crusher introduced the germany technology, not only improves the production capacity and crushing efficiency, but also widens applying area, hardness range of materials from limestone to basalt. As a composing unit of the production line, its performance can be influenced by other units like feeder, belt conveyor, vibrating screen, motor, transmission part and hopper, etc.
The hydraulic cone crusher is the globally advanced and high-performance cone crusher developed by absorbing the latest Germanic technology, which is widely used in metal and nonmetal ore, cement factory, sand and stone metallurgy industries.
This crusher has not only increased the productivity and crushing effect, but also expand the using field, from limestone to basalt, frome stone production to various stone crushing. It can complete various medium fine, fine and super fine operation with high efficiency, easy to mainten and enbraces great reliable operation. It is the latest product for replacenet of spring cone crusher and common hydraulic crusher in the modern ore and construction industries, and an optimum equipment for grand scale stone processing factory and ore crushing.
Details decide the quality of mobile crushers
Recently, several mobile crushing plants made by Hongxing Mining Machinery are successfully sent to Sri Lanka. This is not the first time for the export of Hongxing crushing equipment,but this large-scale export of mobile crushing equipment fully proved mining machinery manufacturing technology of Hongxing Mining Machinery has been recognized by international customers. This is a show of the strength of Hongxing Mining Machinery and it makes the domestic technical development of machinery industry once again proven.
As the saying goes, "the details determine success or failure". The little screws also can make the machine fail. Any small part may cause large errors. In the machinery industry, we should pay more attention to details. The large-scale machinery and equipment are are assembled by all kinds of parts. The damage of any component will affect the function of the whole machine. As a machinery and equipment manufacturer, Henan Hongxing Mining Machinery thinks that in the producing process, we should be strict to the quality of the parts. The crusher, mill, sand making machine, the mineral processing equipment and other products are used more widely in the mining market today. The Raymond Mill is the most widely used today. The advantages of its three-dimensional structure and small footprint make the raymond mill used in mining and the industrial areas. Since the mill is used to deal with the ore, in the actual production use, the related components are more prone to wear and tear. If the quality can not reach the expected standards, the wearing parts should be replaced frequently, which will cause downtime and affect the economic benefits of the users.
The complete structure of Raymond mill consists of host machine, analysis machine, pipe fittings and blowers. According to user's needs, it can be equipped with crusher, elevators, electromagnetic vibratory feeders, electrically controlled Cabinet components. Material is crushed to required grain degrees, and then it is sent to storage Hopper by lifting machine. After that, electromagnetic vibration feeder will send material uniformly to gaps between mill roller mill rings. Due to mill roller works, scroll reached purposes of crushing material. Fine powder goes with loop wind of blower and was sent into analysis machine for selection. Coarse powder or rough of material falls back for milling again, and qualified fine powder goes along with airflow entered finished cyclone set powder Manager, and finally excluded by discharging powder tube, which is finished product. High pressure overhang roll mill has been improved on the basis of general Raymond mill. Compared with General Raymond mill, the high pressure grinding roll and ring mill is always closed to another, which works more efficiently.
Processing Fluorite ore with crushers
Fluorite ore, also known as fluor, is the main source of industrial fluorine and one of the important raw materials of nonmetallic mineral in the world. The pure colorless transparent fluorite ore can be used as optical material, while the bright color fluorite ore can be used as the material of gems and Craft art sculpture. It is also the basic material of Fluorine chemical industry, and its processed products are widely uses in the field of Aerospace, aviation, refrigeration, pharmacy, Pesticide, Antisepsis, extinguishment, electron, electric power, machinery, atomic energy and etc. With the development of science and national economy, fluorite ore has become the important raw mineral materials of modern industry. Many developed countries reserved fluorite ore as an important strategic material. China’s fluorite ore is rich in resources, wide in distribution, various in deposit types and with the resources reserve volume, production capacity and export quantum all occupy the first place in the world. Fluorite was first be found by ancient Indian.In order to separate the useful minerals and gangue minerals, we should first crush phosphate rock, so that the phosphate material is in monomer separation state, which is called "single separation degree". Only in the dissociation case can we select phosphate material. Therefore, usually the ore should first experience crushing and grinding operation before concentration operation. Finally, the finished product is higher phosphorus which is called the phosphate concentrate.
Barite is the most common mineral , whose composition is additive barium. Produced in hot liquid mineral veins of low temperature, such as quartz-barite veins, fluorite-barite pulse and so on, often symbiosis with galena, sphalerite, chalcopyrite and cinnabar.
The undressed ore containing barite firstly is crushed roughly and elaborately (this process normally includes two cycle), through the reduplicative crushing process, the materials can be transported for high temperature roasting. Hereafter, transporting the nubby materials to the flotation machine for flotation dressing, after where it is finished barite. These barite also can be dried in the rotary dryers, for further processing.
At the same time, use hanging device above the rack to hang back shelf. Repeat the above process, then close back top shelf. Replacement of impact crusher board hammer: the aboard hammer of impact crusher should be adjust or replace when it wears to a certain degree, this step can avoid damages to the fastener and other parts. Replacement of impact crusher liner plate: Open after-front-shelf, remove split pin for fixing impact plate, notch nut, the bolt, this can change the impact plate after wearing and tearing. If install new impact liner plate, reverse the above process.
Producing crushers follow the step of time
Through the rapid development of 2010-2011, China impact crusherat last has been stroke by the spread of European economic downturn crisis, in 2012 the sales situation is not optimistic. Whether impact crusher of China could look for other ways out of the sales plight, let's wait to see in the coming 2012.
Overheated economy can be pided into "consumer-driven overheated economy" and "investment-driven overheated economic".
Hongxing Machinery Co., Ltd. has been engaged in the development and production of the crusher for many years; relying on rich production experience, we introduce a series of crusher equipment such as jaw crusher, impact crusher,hammer crusher, grinding equipment and complete sets of production lines, which popular in the power plants, building materials, grinding industry and other fields by dint of its novel structure, low energy consumption, high efficiency and environmental protection advantages.
The drive current of each roller is set with a limit, when encountering extreme hard or large materials, the roller will reverse automatically when the current overloads to protect the roller shell from getting damaged. The reverse operation is as follows:
1. Under normal conditions, the roller stops with its paired roller on the outside, performing the following actions in the middle of them.
2. The action roller stops for t1 then reverses for t2 to get stopped.
3. For another t1, this pair of rollers re-starts and rotates in normal working status.
4. It will send out an alarming signal when the times of the reverse operation surpass n in t3.
The above procedures are controlled automatically via the program. When it alarms, the maintenance staff should find the problems through the manhole and the observation hole. Then the roll crusher can be re-started after the troubleshooting is completed.
At the time of encouraging the development of energy-saving building materials industry, our country also increase the adjustment of mining machinery, strengthening energy conservation, efficient and environmentally friendly crusher equipment, which will also become the leading direction of the crusher industry in the future. In order to face the strong momentum of building materials industry, Hongxing machinery emphasizes on enhancing product quality and optimizes the product and accessory structures with design principles of long-service- life, low power consumption and easy-to-operate, the productions are characterized of dust extraction, low noise and low energy consumption, and operate efficiently and economically.
Keep developing crushers with the time
As the continuous improvment of technology, our country’s professional sand equipment such as crusher, sand maker,mobile crushing station and construction waste disposal equipments develop greatly, and can provide equipments of large and medium size production line independently, even provide more than 600ton complete sand making equipment in one production line, which has improve the efficiency greatly.
Movable jaw hangs in the central shaft, moves from side to side; eccentric shaft rotates, connecting rod moves up and down, thus drive movable jaw move from side to side, to realize the crush and discharge. This crusher adopts crank double linkage structure. Though movable jaw accepts much crush power, its eccentric shaft and connecting rod don not bear much power. In manufacturing, it usually be manufactured in large-size and medium-size, and used for crushing hard materials. Besides, during its working process, the motion curve of every point in movable jaw moves is the arc with the central shaft as the center. The arc radius is the distance between this point and the central shaft, the upper end arc is small and the lower end arc is big, the crush efficiency is low, its reduction ratio I usually is 3-6. Because of the simple motion curve, it is called as the simple pendulum jaw crusher.
Impact crushers, with multilevel counterattack cavity and enough broken space, is suitable for large materials’ broken. The counterattack board Angle can be adjusted to ensure the right angle of the impact of the material between the counter plate and the rotor, which can effectively improve the crushing efficiency. Counter drops broken process can effectively reduce the energy consumption of the fracture process. The counterattack board of the impact crusher adjusts the system at the same time as the overload protection device of the whole machine. When foreign bodies (such as iron, etc.) or not broken things into the crusher of things, back plate can automatically back up and let foreign body go through the crusher, prevent from the damage of the foreign bodies (such as iron, etc.) or not broken pieces of equipment. The Counterattack broken plate hammer is firmly fixed in the rotor. So the start torque is small, and the dynamic balance of rotor performance is easy to control, and the operation process moves with little obstruct and stable.