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a very large sum of money to government

Posted on April 22, 2014 10:27 AM, in sdbb


A country abounding with merchants and manufacturers necessarily abounds with a set of
people through whose hands not only their own capitals, but the capitals of all those who
either lend them money, or trust them with goods, pass as frequently, or more frequently, than
the revenue of a private man, who, without trade or business, lives upon his income, passes
through his hands. The revenue of such a man can regularly pass through his hands only once
in a year. But the whole amount of the capital and credit of a merchant, who deals in a trade
of which the returns are very quick, may sometimes pass through his hands two, three, or four
times a year. A country abounding with merchants and manufacturers, therefore, necessarily
abounds with a set of people who have it at all times in their power to advance, if they choose
to do so, a very large sum of money to government. Hence the ability in the subjects of a
commercial state to lend.
Commerce and manufactures can mulberry bayswater bag uk seldom flourish long in any state which does not enjoy a
regular administration of justice, in which the people do not feel themselves secure in the
possession of their property, in which the faith of contracts is not supported by law, and in
which the authority of the state is not supposed to be regularly employed in enforcing the
payment of debts from all those who are able to pay. Commerce and manufactures, in short,
can seldom flourish in any state in which there is not a certain degree of confidence in the
justice of government. The same confidence which disposes great merchants and
manufacturers, upon ordinary occasions, to trust their property to the protection of a particular
government, disposes them, upon extraordinary occasions, to trust that government with the
use of their property. By lending money to government, they do not even for a moment
diminish their ability to carry on their trade and manufactures. On the contrary, they
commonly augment it. The necessities of the state render government upon most occasions
willing to borrow upon terms extremely advantageous to the lender. The security which it
grants to the original creditor is made transferable to any other creditor, and, from the
universal confidence in the justice of the state, generally sells in the market for more than was
originally paid for it. The merchant or monied man makes money by lending money to
government, and instead of diminishing, increases his trading capital. He generally considers
it as a favour, therefore, when the administration admits him to a share in the first subscription
for a new loan. Hence the inclination or willingness in the subjects of a commercial state to
lend.
The government of such a state is very apt to repose itself upon mulberry mitzy bag sale this ability and willingness
of its subjects to lend it their money on extraordinary occasions. It foresees the facility of
borrowing, and therefore dispenses itself from the duty of saving.
In a rude state of society there are no great mercantile or manufacturing capitals. The
individuals who hoard whatever money they can save, and who conceal their hoard, do so
from a distrust of the justice of government, from a fear that if it was known that they had a
hoard, and where that hoard was to be found, they would quickly be plundered. In such a state
of things few people would be able, and nobody would be willing, to lend their money to
government on extraordinary exigencies. The sovereign feels that he must provide for such
exigencies by saving because he foresees the absolute impossibility of borrowing. This
foresight increases still further his natural disposition to save.

he should be the only rich man in his dominions

Posted on April 22, 2014 10:25 AM, in sdbb


In a commercial country abounding with every sort of expensive luxury, the sovereign, in
the same manner as almost all the great proprietors in his dominions, naturally spends a great
part of his revenue in purchasing those luxuries. His own and the neighbouring countries
supply him abundantly with all the costly trinkets which compose the splendid but
insignificant pageantry of a court. For the sake of an inferior pageantry of the same kind, his
nobles dismiss their retainers, make their tenants independent, and become gradually
themselves as insignificant as the greater part of the wealthy burghers in his dominions. The
same frivolous passions which influence their conduct influence his. How can it be supposed
that he should be the only rich man in his dominions who is insensible to pleasures of this
kind? If he does not, what he is very likely to do, spend upon those wallets womens uk pleasures so great a part of
his revenue as to debilitate very much the defensive power of the state, it cannot well be
expected that he should not spend upon them all that part of it which is over and above what is
necessary for supporting that defensive power. His ordinary expense becomes equal to his
ordinary revenue, and it is well if it does not frequently exceed it. The amassing of treasure
can no longer be expected, and when extraordinary exigencies require extraordinary expenses,
he must necessarily call upon his subjects for an extraordinary aid. The present and the late
king of Prussia are the only great princes of Europe who, since the death of Henry IV of
France in 1610, are supposed to have amassed any considerable treasure. The parsimony
which leads to accumulation has become almost as rare in republican as in monarchical
governments. The Italian republics, the United Provinces of the Netherlands, are all in debt.
The canton of Berne is the single republic in Europe which has amassed any considerable
treasure. The other Swiss republics have not. The taste for some sort of pageantry, for
splendid buildings, at least, and other public ornaments, frequently prevails as much in the
apparently sober senate-house of a little republic as in the dissipated court of the greatest king.
The want of parsimony in time of peace imposes the necessity of contracting debt in time
of war. When war comes, there is no money in the treasury but what is necessary for carrying
on the ordinary expense of the peace establishment. In war an establishment of three of four
times that expense becomes necessary for the defence of the state, and consequently a revenue
three or four times greater than the peace revenue. Supposing that the sovereign should have,
what he scarce ever has, the immediate means of augmenting his revenue in proportion to the
augmentation of his expense, yet still the produce of the taxes, from which this increase of
revenue must be drawn, will not begin to come into the treasury till perhaps ten or twelve
months after they are imposed. But the moment in which war begins, or rather the moment in
which it appears mulberry daria bag uk likely to begin, the army must be augmented, the fleet must be fitted out, the
garrisoned towns must be put into a posture of defence; that army, that fleet, those garrisoned
towns must be furnished with arms, ammunition, and provisions. An immediate and great
expense must be incurred in that moment of immediate danger, which will not wait for the
gradual and slow returns of the new taxes. In this exigency government can have no other
resource but in borrowing.
The same commercial state of society which, by the operation of moral causes, brings
government in this manner into the necessity of borrowing, produces in the subjects both an
ability and an inclination to lend. If it commonly brings along with it the necessity of
borrowing, it likewise brings along with it the facility of doing so.

I have likewise endeavoured to show in the same book

Posted on April 22, 2014 10:24 AM, in sdbb


CHAPTER III
Of Public Debts
IN that rude state of society which precedes the extension of commerce and the improvement
of manufactures, when those expensive luxuries which commerce and manufactures can alone
introduce are altogether unknown, the person who possesses a large revenue, I have
endeavoured to show in the third book of this Inquiry, can spend or enjoy that revenue in no
other way than by maintaining nearly as many people as it can maintain. A large revenue may
at all times be said to consist in the command of a large quantity of the necessaries of life. In
that rude state of things it is commonly paid in a large quantity of those necessaries, in the
materials of plain food and coarse clothing, in corn and cattle, in wool and raw hides. When
neither commerce nor manufactures furnish anything for which the owner can exchange the
greater part of those materials which are over and above his own consumption, he can do
nothing with the surplus mulberry satchel bag sale but feed and clothe nearly as many people as it will feed and clothe.
A hospitality in which there is no luxury, and a liberality in which there is no ostentation,
occasion, in this situation of things, the principal expenses of the rich and the great. But these,
I have likewise endeavoured to show in the same book, are expenses by which people are not
very apt to ruin themselves. The re is not, perhaps, any selfish pleasure so frivolous of which
the pursuit has not sometimes ruined even sensible men. A passion for cock- fighting has
ruined many. But the instances, I believe, are not very numerous of people who have been
ruined by a hospitality or liberality of this kind, though the hospitality of luxury and the
liberality of ostentation have ruined many. Among our feudal ancestors, the long time during
which estates used to continue in the same family sufficiently demonstrates the general
disposition of people to live within their income. Though the rustic hospitality constantly
exercised by the great land-holders may not, to us in the present times, seem consistent with
that order which we are apt to consider as inseparably connected with good economy, yet we
must certainly allow them to have been at least so far frugal as not commonly to have spent
their whole income. A part of their wool and raw hides they had generally an opportunity of
selling for money. Some part of this money, perhaps, they spent in purchasing the few objects
of vanity and luxury with which the circumstances of the times could furnish them; but some
part of it they seem commonly to have hoarded. They could not well, indeed, do anything else
but hoard whatever money they saved. To trade was disgraceful to a gentleman, and to lend
money at interest, which at that time was considered as usury and prohibited by law, would
have been still more so. In those times of violence and disorder, besides, it was convenient to
have a hoard of money at hand, that in case they should be driven from their own home they
might have something of known value to carry with them to some place of safety. The same
violence which made it convenient to hoard made it equally convenient to conceal the hoard.
The frequency of treasure-trove, or of treasure mulberry briefcases bags uk found of which no owner was known,
sufficiently demonstrates the frequency in those times both of hoarding and of concealing the
board. Treasure-trove was then considered as an important branch of the revenue of the
sovereign. All the treasure-trove of the kingdom would scarce perhaps in the present times
make an important branch of the revenue of a private gentleman of a good estate.
The same disposition to save and to hoard prevailed in the sovereign as well as in the
subjects. Among nations to whom commerce and manufactures are little known, the
sovereign, it has already been observed in the fourth book, is in a situation which naturally
disposes him to the parsimony requisite for accumulation. In that situation the expense even
of a sovereign cannot be directed by that vanity which delights in the gaudy finery of a court.
The ignorance of the times affords but few of the trinkets in which that finery consists.
Standing armies are not then necessary, so that the expense even of a sovereign, like that of
any other great lord, can be employed in scarce anything but bounty to his tenants and
hospitality to his retainers. But bounty and hospitality very seldom lead to extravagance;
though vanity almost always does. All the ancient sovereigns of Europe accordingly, it has
already been observed, had treasures. Every Tartar chief in the present times is said to have
one.

After all the proper subjects of taxation have been exhausted

Posted on April 22, 2014 10:23 AM, in sdbb

 With these advantages it might be expected that in France a revenue of
thirty millions might be levied for the support of the state with as little inconveniency as a
revenue of ten millions is in Great Britain. In 1765 and 1766, the whole revenue paid into the
treasury of France, according to the best, though, I acknowledge, very imperfect, accounts
which I could get of it, usually run between 308 and 325 millions of livres; that is, it did not
amount to fifteen millions sterling; not the half of what might have been expected had the
people contributed in the same proportion to their numbers as the people of Great Britain. The
people of France, however, it is generally acknowledged, are much more oppressed by taxes
than the people of Great Britain. France, however, is certainly the great empire in Europe
which, after that of Great Britain, enjoys the mulberry handbags uk mildest and most indulgent government.
In Holland the heavy taxes upon the necessaries of life have ruined, it is said, their principal
manufactures, and are likely to discourage gradually even the ir fisheries and their trade in
shipbuilding. The taxes upon the necessaries of life are inconsiderable in Great Britain, and no
manufacture has hitherto been ruined by them. The British taxes which bear hardest on
manufactures are some duties upon the importation of raw materials, particularly upon that of
raw silk. The revenue of the states-general and of the different cities, however, is said to
amount to more than five millions two hundred and fifty thousand pounds sterling; and as the
inhabitants of the United Provinces cannot well be supposed to amount to more than a third
part of those of Great Britain, they must, in proportion to their number, be much more heavily
taxed.
After all the proper subjects of taxation have been exhausted, if the exigencies of the state
still continue to require new taxes, they must be imposed upon improper ones. The taxes upon
the necessaries of life, therefore, the wisdom of that republic which, in order to acquire and to
maintain its independency, has, in spite of its great frugality, been involved in such expensive
wars as have obliged it to contract great debts. The singular countries of Holland and Zeeland,
besides, require a considerable expense even to preserve their existence, or to prevent their
being swallowed up by the sea, which must have contributed to increase considerably the load
of taxes in those two provinces. The republican form of government seems to be the principal
support of the present grandeur of Holland. The owners of great capitals, the great mercantile
families, have generally either some direct share or some indirect influence in the
administration of that government. For the sake of the respect and authority which they derive
from this situation, they are willing to live in a holdalls bags mens uk country where their capital, if they employ it
themselves, will bring them less profit, and if they lend it to another, less interest; and where
the very moderate revenue which they can draw from it will purchase less of the necessaries
and conveniences of life than in any other part of Europe. The residence of such wealthy
people necessarily keeps alive, in spite of all disadvantages, a certain degree of industry in the
country. Any public calamity which should destroy the republican form of government, which
should throw the whole administration into the hands of nobles and of soldiers, which should
annihilate altogether the importance of those wealthy merchants, would soon render it
disagreeable to them to live in a country where they were no longer likely to be much
respected. They would remove both their residences and their capitals to some other country,
and the industry and commerce of Holland would soon follow the capitals which supported
them.

Vintage Brautkleider u. Brautjungfern Kleider Wichtigste Vorteile

Posted on April 19, 2014 11:01 PM, in Blue Abendkleider(
Vintage Brautkleider u. Brautjungfern Kleider Wichtigste Vorteile Vintage Brautkleider im Einsatz seit sehr langer Zeit jetzt.Sie geben eine Braut zu brautkleid mit spitze perfekten Vintage Look.Sie sind ein guter Mischung aus Moderne und Tradition.Oft wurden sie von Top-Designern konzipiert werden,die vollkommene Form aufgeben,Aussehen und Design.Sie k?nnen sie kaufen Readymade Kleider oder die Man kann sogar diese benutzerdefinierte wie pro Ihre K?rper-Typ gemacht.Fertige Vintage Outfits sind auf verschiedenen Ausf?hrungen,Gr??en,Formen und Mustern.Wir bieten Ihnen eine Vielzahl von attraktiven Farb w?hlen,um Sie Ihr Aussehen und Pers?nlichkeit.Du musst St?cke,die Thema und Gelegenheit Ihrer Hochzeit zu entsprechen wird ausgew?hlt.Hochzeit ist eines der bedeutendsten Anl?sse im Leben brautkleid schwangerschaft sowie findet jede Braut m?chte ein tolles Outfit die ihrer Pers?nlichkeit unterstreicht verschlei?en.Deshalb sollte Vintage Brautkleider bequeme und modische sein,so dass einer Braut f?hlt und trendige tragen.Sie m?ssen in der gew?nschten Mustern und Ende gut gen?ht werden.Was mehr,m?ssen sie mit hochwertigem Stoff die lange dauern ist and Feel bequemen im K?rper vorgenommen werden.Wenn es um Einkaufen solcher Kleidungsst?cke kommt,stellen Sie sicher,dass Sie diese von einem renommierten Onlineladen kaufen, spezialisiert in verschiedenen Arten von attraktiven Hochzeitskleidern.Bridesmaids -Kleider M?gde halten gro?er Wert f?r eine Braut.Sie sind Privatpersonen,die die Braut f?r die den gro?en Auftritt vorzubereiten.Sie sind h?ufig enge Freunde oder Cousins.Also ist es wichtig, zum eine Braut das Beste im Klassen moderne Brautjungfern-Kleider,die vorsehen, werden ihren Dienerinnen einen gro?en Blick und zur Verbesserung ihrer Pers?nlichkeit zu kaufen.Die Kleider sind bei verschiedener Gr??e,Formen,Designs und Farben erh?ltlich.Man kann sogar zu nach Ma? entsprechend Ihren Ma?en nach Ma?.Sie sind stilvoll und modern Kleidungsst?cke an dem Charme eines Tr?gers hinzuzuf?gen.Dies ,warum sie sind weit von den M?gden Hochzeiten im Land wie Australien abgenutzt.Wenn es um die Brautjungfern Kleider Shopping geht,ist es ratsam,die Outfits der mit Kleid der Braut entsprechen zu w?hlen.Vergewissern Sie das Outfit passt Thema und Anlass.Es muss mit feiner Qualit?t f?r Stoff,der f?r lange Zeit dauern wird wohl gen?ht.W?hlen Sie den Entwurf Gr??e und Muster,dass Deinen Hautfarbe und Pers?nlichkeit zu erg?nzen.Bevor Sie piece auszuw?hlen, die in Ihr Budget zu schauen und muss Ihnen am besten noch g?nstige Brautkleid zu bekommen.Das ist auch ratsam Topdesignern,der was zu tragen raten wird haben und wie gut aussehen auf der Hochzeit zu konsultieren.Wenn Sie aufweist Hochzeit sind voraus ,ist es Zeit,um Brautmoden mit unterschiedlichen Online-Shops Australiens noch heute.

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Finding a Face Cleanser From The Comfort of Home

Posted on April 17, 2014 02:57 AM, in SeroyaMart

I am clueless. There're so many skin care products out there in the market now that it's almost impossible just to find one simple face cleanser. This was made worse by the time I needed to stand in front of the supermarket shelf (it was Carrefour) deciding which face cleanser I want to buy and getting endless pestering from the ever present Sales promoter girl. I want to scream at them and say: "LEAVE ME ALONE, and let me decide on the product I want. I am not interested in whatever free gift you're offering me!!!"

I am sure that I'm not the only one feeling like that when we go to supermarket shopping for our daily needs. Sometimes I wonder that whether the supermarket has more customers or sales promoter girls hawking their wares to you constantly. Certainly not helping with the amount of different products available now. For example, for a simple face cleanser I counted a total of 28 different brands and types to choose from. It's getting impossible.

That's the reason why I love online shopping. I could sit on my desk, in my private space and do all the research I want on the skin care product I want, then I could compare prices, look at people's comments on the product and finally get the product shipped to my house or office. I don't mind getting my hands on the product I buy 1-2days later because I plan my time well. Plus, now I laugh at all the people queuing up behind supermarket cashiers. Shop online and free yourself!

Nuevas zapatillas de Nike Air Max 2009

Posted on April 16, 2014 09:30 PM, in new balance baratas


Buscas un Air Max golpear seleccione tiendas Nike en todo el mundo en un futuro próximo.Nuevas zapatillas nike air max nos dan un vistazo a algunos próximos lanzamientos en el año 2011.Mixing los estilos de AM1 y AM90, el modelo de Nike ofrece un diseño simple que toca al corredor en todos nosotros.Colorido tonal de la capa superior con nuevos patrones de proporcionar fuertes Acentos.Nike libre soles y envuelve suavemente la unidad Air en el talón.Caminar en la facilidad y comodidad más confianza en sí mismo en estos fantásticos zapatos Nike.Uno específico superior consta de cuero natural de primera calidad.Haciéndose eco de arpillera para más seguridad.Todas las Nike Air Max TN continúa a ser presentada en colores considerablemente mucho más que cualquier tipo de extractor ha presionado.Zapatos de la evolución de los conocimientos ha traído consigo el desarrollo de instructores en no sólo el rendimiento, pero la estética también.
La calidad de su funcionamiento corriente y la salud general de los pies están determinados por su elección de zapatillas nike free 5.0.Si un corredor que experiencias overpronation se ejecuta en los zapatos para personas con problemas de underpronation, pueden hacer más daño que bien a sus pies.Nike Air Max fábrica usted puede prevenir o corregir problemas en los pies usando el tipo de calzado apropiado.Los corredores que experimentan overpronation recomiendan usar zapatillas que proporcionan control de movimiento óptima.Pronadores neutrales se recomiendan llevar zapatos para correr que se especializan en proveer una estabilidad óptima.Aire de Nike max zapatos podría proporcionar mayor amortiguación y máxima absorción de choque.

Nike Free Powerlines 2 hombre #16 lemon naranja
Nike Baratas Outlet el diseño de air max zapatos, la correa de pie es casi el centro de atención, verdaderamente refleja el tratamiento de la estabilidad lateral y el desarrollo de este concepto de diseño en una norma específica o la aparición de la señal.Y fuera de las consideraciones de amortiguación y protección, el diseñador intenta aportar air max zapatos. Nueva marca Nike Air Max 2009 es muy ligero, muy flexible y sensible, super resistente. Nike Air max son los zapatos más ligeros en ciencia, tecnología e historia. Aire de Nike max representan apesta a algo creativo, fresco y nuevo.Las razones que hacen nike aire máximo atractivo es sus diseños desafiantes que son como ostentosa como son originales, deportivas múltiples hebillas, cadenas de oro y deslumbrante charol.

3 important tips to choose the best caterers in your town

Posted on April 15, 2014 12:15 AM, in Catering Companies

Do you have any wedding, birthday party or any other event in the upcoming months and searching for the best caterers for the same? If your answer is yes to the question, then here are three tips that will help you choose the best catering companies that will serve all the yummy party food you want. Take a look at them to get a better idea:

Have a budget fixed: The very first thing that you need to consider is to fix your budget well in advance. For this, you need to ask the caterers about the catering costs inclusive of all the taxes. Also, find out if they have package deals that can meet your requirements aptly. But the best way is to compare the quotes of 2-3 caterers and even more and find out which one of them will provide the best party food within your budget range.

Check their availability: Another tip is to see whether the caterer is available on the date you are planning to host your event. This is essential so that the company that you choose in a hurry may ditch you at the last moment. Or you may not find a caterer at the last moment, who can serve at your event and you will be in a fix.

Food quality: Last but not the least, make it a point to check the menu of the catering companies that offer finger licking food. After all, this is what they are getting paid for isn’t it? The best decision in this direction is to choose a tried and tested menu by its previous clientele. Read the reviews posted by them on the same.

These are some of the must-know tips, which you should keep in mind as and when you hire the caterers serving

 

 

food in your vicinity. Keep tabs on this space for more information regarding similar topics.

Main resource: http://partycateringmelbourne.blogspot.com/2014/04/3-must-know-tips-that-will-help-you.html

Catering Food Service Houston TX

Posted on April 14, 2014 05:52 AM, in Cafeteria Houston

Turn Your Event into a World Class Experience, tap into Samiscafeteria.com. We don’t plan for grand successful event in fact we create then extraordinary. From classic to cutting edge, we promise to create every single detail of your special day or evening so that it may live in your memories forever.

Samis Cafeteria bring high class standard to the table. When it comes to creating the perfect event, the right setting can make all the difference. We can provide the most professional and courteous staff for any occasion to make sure your event runs smoothly and each of your guests is properly served. With over years of experience in making event grand successful across the different taste and different lifestyle, we work to understand your needs. Our Corporate Cafeteria Management and corporate cafeteria management team have a proven track record of offering exceptional food in a discreet and professional manner.

Whether you are planning, a simple birthday party, an elegant wedding, an intimate dinner for friends or an over-the-top awards show, our goal is turn your vision into realty. Our full service caterer taste is committed to making each event unique and the best our clients and their guests have ever attended. Every event requires people to run the systems and take care of your guests. With our professional linens services, we’ll make sure that all your tables exude elegance and sophistication for all your guests to enjoy.

But whether your quest for the perfect event takes you across the ocean or just across your lawn, with Samis Cafeteria as your guide you can rest assured that it will result in a magical and memorable experience. Catering excellence and superb cuisine is crucial for the success of corporate, wedding or small events. Whether it's purely the food and catering aspect of your event you need taking care of, or something more unique, we ensure that your event runs smoothly.

Our existing clients have discovered the benefits of dealing with a Catering food service Company run by professionals and that is why they keep coming back time and again. We believe in making our client top priority and never try to overpower their dreams or vision with our ideas. Whatever your vision, we’ll make it happen. Just tell us where and when, and we’ll take care of the rest. Whatever your pleasure, we’ll make sure no one goes home hungry.

renforcer la protection solide et, parmi les vnike free femme

Posted on April 14, 2014 04:20 AM, in chaussure nike

 

 

 

Dans REALFLEX enterprise 2.0 empeigne légers, de mise en œuvre du TouQiXing trousses douceur et couvrir les FUSEFRAME 3D épouser ayant moins quantifiables, sans courir empeigne des chaussures plus confortable pain retourner dans sa tasse, chaussures d’une grille de deux GenJian losange, renforcer la protection solide et, parmi les vnike free femme

raiment est assez rare spécialement conçus. Toutefois REALFLEX exceptionnels enterprise 2.0, conçues pour se REALFLEX induction semelles de chaussures, toutefois les points apple induction points sur le rang de simple, parallèlement, l’écoulement de l’eau en mémoire de l’écoulement des pièces de mouvements induction, ce sera vraiment RUNiROUND laboratoires d’essai.

 

 

 

 

 

REALFLEX 2 278 enterprise kg poids présentaient (US 9.5), en général REALFLEX vraiment enterprise 2.0 présentaient une dose de courir, REALFLEX trouvent plus mince, enterprise XuanTou 2.0 «avec le département à è¹  orteils boule de couvrir près le sentiment qu’on est évidente, peu de prêter des laboratoires RUNiROUND peuvent vraiment que la dose de courir à bas les chaussures, par beaucoup de tact et de l’espace, pour plus de précision, tests a ensuite demandé à l’effet de la dose de déchloration courir une des chaussures bas, beaucoup de tact et detimberland pas cher l’espace, touchant la chaussure plus normal dans l’espace, la recommandation de couvrir des REALFLEX courir «enterprise 2.0, je ne peux pas ou plus bas ou les chaussettes jogging, à vous REALFLEX l’orteil relativement confortable enterprise 2.0, devrait jouer un REALFLEX enterprise 2.0.

 

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